Ujung Kulon National Park is located at the western tip of of Java island, Indonesia. The park area includes Krakatau Nature Reserve and several small islands around it, like Handeuleum Island and Peucang Island. Ujung Kulon has an area of approximately 122 956 ha; (443 km ² of which is the sea), covered the area from the headland Ujung Kulon to the Indian Ocean.
Ujung Kulon became the first National Park established in Indonesia, and has also been established as one of the World Heritage protected by UNESCO in 1991, because its area covers the broad protected forest. Until now, an estimated 50 to 60 rhinos live in this habitat.
At first time, Ujung Kulon is an agricultural area, until finally destroyed when Mount Krakatoa erupted on August 27, 1883 and finally changing the area into the forest.
Ujung Kulon National Park with Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset of Indonesia, and has been designated as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991. To improve the management of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site, UNESCO has provided financial support and technical assistance.
Permission to enter this National Park can be obtained at the National Park Headquarters in the City of Labuan or Tamanjaya. Lodging can be obtained in Handeuleum Island and Peucang Island.
Tourism Object in Ujung Kulon National Park
Panaitan Island is an island located at the westernmost tip of the Peninsula Region of the National Park are separated by a narrow strait. This island has an area of ± 17,000 ha and has a wide range of potential natural attractions that are worth to be visited.
The hills inside Panaitan Island formed by pristine jungle vegetation with a combination of mangrove forest, beach forest and lowland rain forest. The state of pristine forest is inhabited by various species of wildlife such as deer, mouse deer, wild boar, long-tailed monkeys, crocodiles, lizards, python, and various species of birds.
On this island there are also Ganesha statue with other objects of historical relics that have very high historical value from ancient Hindu, precisely at the peak of Mount Raksa. Beach Area are rocky and sandy white with beautiful coral reefs in it, very good for marine activities such as diving and snorkeling. The waves in the sea is quite high making it suitable for surfing.
In some parts of the land area of the island is already available path to accommodate the aforementioned activities, but has not been equipped with other tourism support facilities.
Peucang Island is the most visited site by domestic or international tourist. Island with an area of ± 450 ha area is equipped with facilities and infrastructure as well as a variety of natural attractions that can be visited by Travelers. Many existing facilities inside Peucang Island are lodging, Information Centre, Pier, and many others.
The beach inside Peucang Island has distinctive characteristics, namely the white sands and vast expanses. Natural attractions that can be enjoyed on the island include Tracking to Karang Copong, Swimming, Snorkeling and Diving. Wildlife viewing can be enjoyed by crossing into the field of grazing Cidaon which takes ± 15 minutes using a small boat with a capacity of six persons. In Cidaon we can observe wildlife attractions such as the bull, peacock, deer, and Boar. In addition we can also see the Dutch colonial historical sites such as Tanjung Layar Lighthouse and old dock construction at Tanjung Layar and Cibom.
Handeuleum island located between clusters of small islands located in the northeastern tip of Ujung Kulon peninsula coast. The wide of Handeuleum island is ± 220 Ha. In this island there are species of deer and python. The island is surrounded by mangrove forests.
The attraction that can be enjoyed in this island is Cigenter area, Field of Grazing Cigenter, and Cikabeumbeum that if pursued could spend time for 2 days. To pass through the area needed a boat or canoe to going down the river.
Other interesting things that can be done in this island is boating / canoing down the river of Cigenter, while enjoying the view of many types of tropical rain forest along the river. On the upstream side of the river there is a small path crosses the bamboo plants head us toward the terraced waterfall.
Mount Honje is area of Ujung Kulon National Park. The total area is 19,500 ha ±. This mount surrounded by 19 buffer villages either directly bordering or indirectly bordering. One of the villages that became the gateway entrance to the Ujung Kulon National Park is a Tamanjaya village.
Interesting attractions located around Tamanjaya village are Fishermans Village Cibanua, Cipaniis waterfall, hot springs Cibiuk, and wildlife viewing of Javan gibbon at Cikacang waterfall. Accommodation located in Tamanjaya include Sundajaya lodging, rental boats / ships, tour guide associations / local guide and souvenir center of rhino sculpture.
Krakatau is a volcanic archipelago that are still active and located in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra. This name ever pinned on a volcanic peak there (Mount Krakatoa), which vanish because its self eruption on 26-27 August 1883.
Nowadays, Mount Krakatoa is one the most visited tourist destination, some activities can be done around Krakatoa include snorkeling in the Lagoon Cabe, Child of Krakatoa mountain climbing, and relaxing on the beach located on several small islands around Krakatoa.